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Top 3 tummy troubles

Because children are born with immature digestive systems, they may experience episodes of colic, constipation, or spit-up during their first months. Here’s what to watch out for and what you can do to help.

2 mins
to read
By Danial Ahmad ,
Jan 28, 2021
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Source

Benninga MA, Nurko S, Faure C et al. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: Neonate/toddler. Gatroenterology 2016; 150:1443-55.

Biggs WS, Dery WH. Evaluation and treatment of constipation in infants and children. Am Fam Physician 2006; 73(3):469-77.

Camilleri M, Park, SY, Scarpato E et al. Exploring hypotheses and rationale for causes of infantile colic. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017; 29(2): doi: 10.1111/nmo.12943.

Chau K, Lau E, Greenberg S, et al. Probiotics for infantile colic: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigating Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938. J Pediatr 2015; 166(1):74–8.

Cohen Engler A, Hadash A, Shehadeh N et al. Breastfeeding may improve nocturnal sleep and reduce infantile colic: Potential role of breast milk melatonin. Eur J Pediatr 2012; 171(4):729–32.

Garofoli F, Civardi E, Indrio F et al. The early administration of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 controls regurgitation episodes in full-term breastfed infants. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2014; 65(5):646-8.

Hyman PE, Milla PJ, Benninga MA et al. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: neonate/toddler. Gastroenterology 2006; 130:1519-26.

Johnson JD, Cocker K, Chang E. Infantile Colic: Recognition and treatment. Am Fam Physician 2015; 92(7):577-82.

Savino F, Ceratto S, Poggi E et al. Preventive effects of oral probiotic on infantile colic: a prospective, randomized, blinded, controlled trial using Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938. Benef Microbes 2014; 6(3):245-51.

Szajewska H, Gyrczuk E, Horvath A. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 for the management of infantile colic in breastfed infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. J Pediatr 2013; 162(2):257–62.

Vandenplas Y, Huysentruyt K. Early nutrition and its effect on the development of functional GI disorders. Early Nutrition and Long-Term Health 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100168-4.00014-8

Vandenplas Y, Abkari A, Bellaiche M et al. Prevalence and health outcomes of functional gastrointestinal symptoms in infants from birth to 12 months of age. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2015; 61(5):531-7.

Vandenplas Y, Gutierrez-Castrellon P, Velasco-Benitez C et al. Practical algorithms for managing common gastrointestinal symptoms in infants. Nutrition 2013; 29(1):184-94.

Van Tilburg MA, Hyman PE, Walker L et al. Prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in infants and toddlers. J Pediatr 2015; 166(3):684-9.

Zeevenhooven J, Koppen IJ and Benninga MA. The new rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders in infants and toddlers. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2017; 20(1):1-13.

Last revised: April, 2017

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