Take a peek behind the curtains of toddler bedrooms in different countries and a contrasting picture is revealed. Sleep styles can vary greatly across cultures, affecting where, how, and what time parents put their little ones to bed, as well as the bedtime routines they follow. The good news is that even with the different habits, many toddlers are generally getting the recommended 11-14 hours of total sleep they need from daytime naps and a full night's sleep.
Sleep is vital for your toddler’s healthy growth and development—it’s a crucial time when her body rests and recharges. Inadequate sleep may be linked to her consuming more calories, and increasing her risk of being overweight when she’s older.
Getting ready for bed
Research has shown that a consistent bedtime routine is one of the most important things you can do to help your toddler doze off. If you don't have one in place yet, it's not too late. A recent study that included mothers and their young children, showed improvements in toddler sleep habits after just three nights of following a specific bedtime routine, which included a warm bath, massage, and quiet-time activities. However, you’re choosing to settle your toddler before bedtime, make sure you do the same thing every night so she knows what to expect.
Be sure that screen time is not part of your toddler's bedtime routine. Watching TV or playing with phones or tablets before bed can lead to decreased sleep. In fact, a recent study found that every hour of touchscreen use was associated with 15 minutes less overall sleep in toddlers.
Sleep styles revealed
Take a look at how toddlers are sleeping and preparing for bed around the globe. Several studies were conducted exploring the sleep patterns of small children in different countries, revealing some interesting findings. You might be inspired to try something new. After all, what unites every parent—wherever they come from—is their wish for a happy, healthy, and well-rested toddler.
- Shifted sleep schedules
Some studies suggest the following findings:
- Moms and toddlers in the Middle East go to bed, on average, around 11pm, and wake up at 9am.
- In Brazil, the average bedtime for moms and toddlers is 10pm and wake-up time is 8am.
- Despite the later bedtimes, toddlers in the Middle East are getting close to 12 hours of sleep in total, while those in Brazil are getting just over 12 hours when you add in daytime naps.
Could it work for you? Sleeping on a shifted schedule, with later bedtimes and wake times, means toddlers can still get enough total sleep. This is a sleep pattern that may fit in better with the family’s schedule.
- Daytime naps
Research on toddler naps shows:
- Toddlers in Greece sleep for nine hours a night and three hours during the day.
- Almost all 18-month-olds in England have daytime naps, meaning they’re getting a daily average of almost 13 hours of sleep.
- Toddlers in South Korea have the fewest naps. Yet they still accrue just under 12 hours of sleep in total, indicating they’re within the target of 11-14 hours a day.
Could it work for you? Naps can give growing toddlers the opportunity to recharge during the day so they’re ready for more activities. It also provides you with some precious moments to get things done!
- Bed-sharing/room sharing
Some studies exploring sleep in various cultures found:
- In Hong Kong, children who share a room or bed with their parents go to bed later than those children who sleep in a separate location. They’re still getting as much sleep— around 12 hours in total—as those who sleep in their own bedrooms.
- Almost all families in the Middle East share a room with their children, although less than half share a bed.
Could it work for you? Having your toddler in the same room as you can feel more reassuring for both you and her. There’s no right or wrong, it’s whatever feels right.
- Falling asleep independently
Studies on how toddlers fall asleep found:
- Parents in Australia and New Zealand are highly likely to encourage independence and self-soothing. Toddlers get an average of 13 hours of total sleep each day, despite 30% of parents believing their child has a sleep problem.
- In Hong Kong, children who fall asleep by themselves sleep for longer and wake up less.
Could it work for you? Teaching your toddler to fall asleep independently means, in time, she’ll be able to self-soothe and resettle herself if she wakes up in the night. You should hopefully be able to get a bit more rest too.
- Regular nightly routine
Research on following bedtime routines showed:
- Almost 40% of children aged one to four follow the same bedtime routine every night in Belgium.
- In the Netherlands, close to 50% of one- to two-year-olds have a nightly bedtime routine.
Could it work for you? There’s evidence to show that following a regular bedtime routine leads to toddlers getting more sleep. Activities like bathtime and reading a story before bed are also fun ways to bond with your little one.
It’s never too late to start a bedtime routine, watch our “Time for bed” video for five ways to help your toddler— and you—get a good night’s sleep.
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- Cheung CHM, Bedford R, Saez De Urabain IR, et al.Daily touchscreen use in infants and toddlers is associated with reduced sleep and delayed sleep onset. Scientific Reports 2017; DOI: 10.1038/srep46104
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- Nutrition and Growth Meeting, March 1-3, 2018, Paris, France.
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Last revised: July, 2018